With the caveat that our thesis is correct - then here's the thing.
We all know that the atomic space between the nucleus and it's electrons is VAST. For example, in a hydrogen atom - if the nucleus was the size of your average granny smith apple - then the electron would be the size of a split pea - orbiting at a radial distance of about 8 miles from that apple's core. The assumption is this. All that space between the 'apple' and the 'split pea' is empty. At best there is a proposed electromagnetic field that results from the movement of the electron. But that assumption errs.
What we have done is structured the theoretical imposition of magnetic field in a series of concentric circles comprising varying lengths of Faraday's closed lines of force. As this relates to hydrogen atoms the proposal is this. Each closed line of force is structured from magnetic dipoles that have conjoined - head to toe - or north to south. In effect there's a 'saucer shaped' field made up of 6 then 6 + 6, then 12 + 6, the 18 + 6 - and so on, the one circle enclosing the next, until there is a total of 1836 dipoles including the 'vanishing charges of the particles in the proton and the electron of each hydrogen atom. These concentric circles are structured from dipoles that form the energy levels. Interestingly, if one structures this field then, logically, there is a natural progression where the charge of the entire field demarcates into naturally occurring energy levels that carry their own precise graduations of size and charge
The proposal is that these particles in the field cannot be detected because they orbit at a velocity that exceeds light speed. We were able to reconcile the mass/size ratio of the proton to the electron based on the proposal that the field itself orbits at a velocity of 2C. There is, therefore, an implicit relationship between mass and velocity which is also defined in the thesis. Because of this velocity they are 'out of reach' of a photon, which has a velocity of C or less. Therefore they are invisible. And because of the complexity of the composite charge of those closed strings, their charge value is neutral. Therefore the charge of the field is also not discernible. Therefore too, have these energy levels been rendered 'invisible' and their existence inferred only by the orbit of the electron. And the electron, in turn, is 'trapped' between two or more energy levels - in its orbit around that nucleus - as the fields themselves orbit the nucleus.
The nucleus itself is proposed to comprise a proton which, in turn comprises a composite of 9 of those magnetic dipoles. The electron comprises 3. Every time that the hydrogen atom transmutes to more complex atoms then it extrapolates it's new protons, neutrons and electrons from the dipoles in those energy levels. This results in the reduction in size of the atom as it increases in complexity. Again. While the 'energy' required for this transmutation process is from outside the atom, the material in the transmutation process is from the dipoles in those energy levels. Therefore as this progresses to increasingly complex atomic elements then there is a corresponding reduction in the volume of the atom - which is inversely proportional to the weight/mass of that element. It is proposed that all the elements evolved in this way - from a base structure of hydrogen, deuterium and tritium. Therefore there are essentially not less than three branches of the elements.
In effect the first 'closed system' comprises this precise number of dipoles that orbit their own structure of the nucleus and that hold the electron trapped in their energy levels. All these observations conform to the standard model but require a precise count of the mass variations of all the elements. That is outside the scope of this thesis.
The point is this. These fields all follow an immutable imperative to move to a condition of charge balance. An imbalance in charge is measured in the ratio of electrons to protons. Where they exceed or are less than the proton count then that imbalance is reflected in the energy levels. This then compels or 'predisposes' the element to a bonded condition with compensatory imbalances in juxtaposed elements. This balance is a function of the weak interaction.
I have no idea if that makes anything clearer. But that's essentially what we're pointing to. Its possibly better explained in the 'model'. When I find that link I'll post it here.