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Friday, November 19, 2010

abstract and introduction to the paper authored in open source collaboration and submitted to TIE

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Dear Reader,  

Again for the record, I am here intending to copy some parts of the that paper submitted to TIE - that was so heavily contended.  What follows is the text that was authored by myself and Donovan Martin and which was open for edit and comment by all the authors including Harvey Gramm.  In point of fact none of the the remaining authors outside of Harvey Gramm - and this includes includes Glen Lettenmaier -  made any material contribution to the text.  Glen simply conducted the tests under mine and Donovan's guidance and according to the requirements proposed by both Open Source members and Harvey Gramm.   I will give a copy of paper to TIE representing a full replication of our earlier published tests published in QUANTUM October edition 2002 - when this has been scanned and can be reproduced together with the details of the collaborators' names.  The following posts are intended to represent that part of the text of that paper that represented my own contributions.  It is not intended or implied that this is the entire text of the entire paper, missing as it will do, the  text and contributions of Harvey Gramm. 

The paper is lengthy and will be added to here - but I'm not sure of the limitations to these post lengths and will have to determine this on a 'trial by error' basis. 

Kind regards,
Rosemary


Abstract
This experiment is designed to test the predictions of a thesis that determines material hidden properties of charge in circuit components. A MOSFET switching circuit is applied in series with an inductive resistive load and an interactively tuned duty cycle on the gate then enables an aperiodic, self oscillating frequency.  Subject to overlying harmonics this is seen to improve the circuit’s coefficient of performance above four.  The thesis proposes that this level of efficiency is due to the induced transients where the resultant current flow emanates from the circuit components. It is proposed that these have an alternate material source of charge to that of the supply. This energy is further proposed to be the source of the anomalous heat signatures as the circuit components enable this charge flow through the battery supply thereby also enabling a conservation of charge.

Introduction

THE following tests were designed to evaluate a thesis that predicted anomalous heat signatures on an inductive resistor placed in series with a switching circuit. The thesis is developed from a non classical magnetic field model but a full description of this falls outside the scope of this submission. What is pertinent here is some overview of that thesis as it applies to current flow. The following paragraph is intended as a broad brushstroke description of this and is further clarified as described in the Appendix I.

The model proposes that charge has the property of mass with the material properties of velocities and thermal capacities associated with that mass. These particles do not conform to the standard model and remain hidden within three dimensional solid or liquid objects or amalgams. They are extraneous to the atom itself and only interact with the atomic energy levels that, in turn, comprise independent fields of the same fundamental particle. These extraneous fields are responsible for the bound condition of the amalgam. This interaction between the fields and the atoms’ energy levels results in a balanced distribution of charge throughout the amalgam. Measurable voltage reflects a transitional state of imbalance throughout these binding fields that, subject to circuit conditions, then move that charge through available conductive and inductive paths to reestablish a charge balance. In effect the circuit components that enable the flow of charge from a supply source are, themselves able to generate a flow of current depending on the strength of that applied potential difference and the material properties of the circuit components. Therefore both inductive and conductive circuit components have a potential to generate current flow in line with Inductive Laws.

(This reference to the thesis was included because TIE would not allow reference to any of the author's names prior to review to ensure absolute impartiality in that review process.  The previous submissions of this paper to IEEE included a direct link to that thesis, and my name associated, as it is, with this  - as the IEEE do NOT have this preclusion in their review process.   In other words, the thesis had ALWAYS been a part of every submission.  And much required.  We needed to show that the results of these tests were not of an anomalous nature.  Lest the reviewers assumed that we were pointing to a 'freak of nature' rather than to something that was both predicted and indeed repeatable.  This was an essential part of our submission as it was not expected that any reviewed journal would publish a mere anomaly.   We therefore had to rewrite the paper to TIE to include a synopsis of that thesis else the paper would otherwise have lost this advantage.  This inclusion of the thesis became the 'theme' of Harvey Gramm's complaint to all the collaborators where he seriously proposed to them that  I was hijacking Glen's replication to promote my own work.  And what followed were those mutterings - both loud and public by  both S Windisch and A Palise, added to the excessive parade of injury and indiganation by Glen Lettenmaier  - that the work SHOULD HAVE BEEN PROMOTED AS AN ANOMALY. 

Sadly and unfortunately none of them, none of these so called promoters of clean green,  and with the entire exception of Harvey Gramm realised this.  And Harvey Gramm was careful to advise all the collaborators that he could convince - that the paper COULD indeed be published as an anomaly.  And it seemed an easy task to convince them and thereby achieve the required alienation of myself in that collaboration as they none of them seemed to realise that it was ALWAYS referenced in the introduction of our previous submissions.  I often wonder if those collaborators even understood the most of the text in either paper.  Certainly, on the face of it, it seems not.)

Classical assumption requires an equivalence in the transfer of electric energy based as it is on the concept of a single supply source. Therefore voltage measured away from the supply on circuit components is seen to be stored energy delivered during closed circuit conditions of a switching cycle. The distinction is drawn that if indeed, the circuit components are themselves able to generate a current flow from potential gradients, then under open circuit conditions, that energy may be added to the sum of the energy on the circuit thereby exceeding the limit of energy available from the supply. Therefore if more energy is measured to be dissipated at a load than is delivered by the supply, then that evidence will be consistent with this thesis. The experimental evidence does indeed, conform to this prediction.

This submission details the experimental apparatus, the applied measurements protocol and the data from a test that is designed to adequately assess the data as it relates to the thesis. It is considered that this submission of the experimental results will allow a wide dissemination both of the experiment and some consideration of questions relating to these anomalies, as being preferred and required.

The circuit is designed to enable a secondary, current flow that is induced from the collapsing fields over the resistor during the ‘off’ period of the duty cycle as a result of counter electromotive force (CEMF). This induces a flow of current in anti phase to the initial current from the source and this is seen to return to the battery supply source to recharge it. The performance coefficient is enhanced through an applied duty cycle that allows the circuit components to oscillate at a naturally recurring frequency. This is referred to herein, as a preferred mode of oscillation which, in turn, results in an aperiodic, self-regulated, resonating frequency. Distinctive harmonics are evident in the waveform and these are seen to be a required condition to the circuit’s enhanced performance as it relates to the efficiency of the recharge cycle over the battery. However the precise parameters of the duty cycle, determined by adjustment of the potentiometer at the gate of the MOSFET transistor, are found to be both critical and elusive.

The fact that these benefits to an enhanced coefficient may have been overlooked under usual applications can be attributed to the narrowness of the range required for this setting. Under usual applications such aperiodicity is considered undesirable and therefore systematically factored out of standard switched applications.

Also included is a discussion on ‘meshed currents’ that are evident and a detailed account of the data analysis that was applied to all measurements. A series of related tests are appended that variously record the progress of the applied test parameters and the improved methods of measurements as the knowledge of the application unfolded. This schedule includes an evaluation of the inductance required on the load resistor to optimize the effect, as well as an evaluation of the comparative diameters of that resistor to determine optimized conditions. Other tests include the measurements that were performed to address a variety of concerns including grounding problems, voltage differentials and applied high frequencies without the required harmonics. These have been appended, together with an overview of the thesis relating to this effect, for both purposes of record and to afford a fuller evaluation as required.

The test that is described herein has results that appear to be consistent with the predictions of that thesis. The returning current from CEMF is seen to reduce the battery discharge rate while sustaining a higher level of energy dissipated at the load. This has a resulting advantage to the coefficient of performance. Indeed, the actual measurements indicate a potential for an absolute conservation of charge at the supply. The conclusions to the tests include a broad discussion of the potential of this technology and indicate a need for expert evaluation of both the results and the theoretical paradigms that predicted the results.

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